Financial Education for kids

Early training in earning small amounts of money provides a foundation and understanding that work and money are connected. Young children perform certain tasks at home just because they are part of the family or household. Children can do additional tasks to earn money for their spending plans.

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What is financial education?
Financial education is the ability to understand how money works. It is the art of investing and managing money and the ability to make sound financial decisions.

While every family deals with finances differently, most people agree that it is important for their children to learn how to manage money. Sadly, children are graduating high school without knowing much about credit, budgeting, school loans, taxes and more. Personal finance is one of the most important things a kid needs to know after high school, and they are not learning it while in school. Parents are the primary educators about finances, yet a lot of parents don’t know how to have conversations with their kids about money.

HOW MUCH SHOULD A CHILD KNOW ABOUT MONEY?

If your kids are old enough to tell you to buy them things at the store, they are old enough to start learning about money. The key is finding teachable moments to share with them how to handle money responsibly. An example of a teachable moment would be if you are at the mall back-to-school shopping and are using a credit card you can talk a little bit about how it works. As they grow up, you will be able to have more in-depth conversations and ask what they understand about debit cards or loans.

When you are dealing with money in your everyday life involve your children in parts of those conversations. Asking them questions about what they think would be a smart money decision is a powerful tool. That critical thinking skill will go a long way when it comes to your kid’s finances.


In doing this, kids begin to understand the value of money. This financial education can begin at a young age with simple money concepts such as counting coins and making change for purchases. Older children can learn about savings accounts, balancing a checkbook and creating a personal budget.

7 Lessons to Teach Your Kids for Financial Literacy Month

Parents may feel unqualified to teach their children about money, but experts say no degree in finance or special knowledge is necessary. Instead, financial literacy starts by teaching the following seven basic lessons.



1. The difference between wants and needs. Good financial decisions start by being able to distinguish between what is necessary to have and what is nice to have.

“Preschoolers don’t understand sophisticated topics, but they can understand needs versus wants,” Penta says. Families spend their money first on needs like food, shelter and medicine. Meanwhile, nice-to-have purchases, such as toys and vacations, should be bought only after needs have been met.

Older children and teens can further refine their understanding of what constitutes a need. For instance, while everyone needs clothing, designer jeans fall into the want category. Likewise, a home is a necessity, but a personal bathroom or even one’s own bedroom can be characterized as a want, rather than a need.

2. Every purchase has an opportunity cost. Children also need to know money is finite, even for wealthy families. That means money used to purchase one item won’t be available to purchase other items. “Make them aware of trade-offs as soon as possible,” says Peter Nigro, professor and chair of the finance department at Bryant University in Smithfield, Rhode Island.

An easy way to teach this lesson is to involve children in making everyday choices. The grocery store is a natural place for these lessons. Kids can be asked to decide between two items, such as two variety of cookies, with the explanation that money for both is not in the budget.

3. The repercussions of making a money mistake. Parents may be inclined to shield their children from making poor money decisions. Rich Ramassini, a certified financial planner and senior vice president with financial firm PNC Investments in Pittsburgh, experienced that firsthand when his son squandered birthday gift money in a week’s time.

However, rather than prohibit impulse buying, Ramassini stepped aside so his son could experience the disappointment of a poor purchase. “That’s a much better mistake than a $1,000 mistake or a $10,000 mistake,” Ramassini says. It was a lesson learned when his son later asked for advice on how to better manage some money received at Christmas.

Other parents should likewise be willing to stand by while a child makes a poor decision with his or her money. Don’t swoop in and replace the ill-spent money either, or the lesson will be lost.

Ramassini suggests parents be open about their personal money mistakes as well. “It’s difficult, but it’s powerful,” Ramassini says. “It allows you to lead by example.”

4. How to delay gratification. Penta says one of the foundational financial lessons every child should learn is how to wait to make a purchase. Practicing delayed gratification creates the self-discipline needed to save money for retirement, college and other expenses in adulthood.

Parents can help children develop the skill by not purchasing every item they request. Even more powerful may be avoiding impulse purchases yourself and explaining to children while shopping that you’re not buying something you might like because you don’t need it at the moment.

When it comes to spending their own money, children should be encouraged to think through purchases themselves. “Do you have to have it now or can you have it later?” Penta suggests parents ask their kids.


5. How credit works. Most of the lessons children need to learn to become financially literate relate to values and behavior, not the technical aspects of how money works. One exception is credit. “That’s your permanent transcript,” Nigro says.

Children need to understand that credit means borrowing from others and comes at a cost. However, they also need to be taught that credit can be a valuable tool. That’s something Nigro says many young adults seem to misunderstand nowadays. “They’re all afraid of credit,” he says. “They all think credit cards are bad.”



That may be because of the popularity of personal finance experts such as Dave Ramsey, who eschew almost all use of credit in favor of using cash. According to these experts, the use of credit can lead to overspending and quickly lead to significant interest expenses. However, credit in and of itself is not bad so long as it is used responsibly, and children need to be taught how to use credit to their advantage.

Teaching young kids about credit can be tricky since it’s an abstract topic, but tweens and teens should be able to grasp the concepts and can use online debt calculators to see how interest adds up on a loan.

6. Time helps money grow. Nigro says parents should also stress that money has a time value. In other words, thanks to compounding interest, money saved or invested over a long period of time has the potential to grow significantly.

When savings accounts earned higher interest rates, this lesson could be taught by having children track the growth of money in their bank account. Now, with interest rates hovering close to zero at many institutions, money might need to be invested to see any meaningful growth over a period of time. Though investing money comes with the risk of losses in a down market, companies like Stockpile offer a way to invest with as little as $5.



7. How money works in the real world. Children often lack perspective when it comes to money. “Kids might think $1,000 is all the money in the world,” Ramassini says. Parents need to teach their children a more realistic vision of how much money is needed to run a household.

If you don’t want to tell your kids specific numbers, it can be beneficial to speak in percentages. For instance, share that you choose to give 10 percent of your money to charity or that you spend 40 percent of your income on the family home. This information makes money, particularly large sums, seem less abstract and more tangible. If you’re comfortable sharing specific numbers, ask your teen to help balance your checkbook to let them see exactly how the family budget works.

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