If you tend to spend half of the night in the living room, drifting in and out of sleep in front of the TV, you really need to read this.
Why you need to sleep in total darkness
Strangely, scientists still haven’t figured out why sleep is so crucial for our survival. But they do know that not getting enough wrecks our health. Now, a new study out of Northwestern University reveals that having a light on while sleeping can raise your risk of diabetes. (Learn more about the connection between aging and sleep deprivation.)
For the study—published in the journal, Sleep—researchers recruited 20 healthy adult volunteers (ages 18 to 40). The volunteers spent two nights and three days at the lab: The first night, they slept in pitch black darkness; the second night, half of them slept in the dark again while the other half slept in a room with a bright overhead light on. While the volunteers slept, the researchers tracked the volunteers’ vital signs, brain wave activity, and leg and eye movements; they also took hourly blood samples to measure melatonin—a vital hormone that helps control your internal clock (circadian rhythm) and typically rises during sleep. In the morning, the researchers conducted glucose tolerance tests on the volunteers.
Remarkably, just sleeping under a bright light drove up insulin resistance—a risk factor for diabetes. When insulin can’t do its job, the body struggles to process sugar. “Our preliminary findings show that a single night of light exposure during sleep acutely impacts measures of insulin resistance,” said lead author Ivy Cheung Mason, PhD, a postdoctoral fellow at Northwestern’s Feinberg School of Medicine (at the time of the study), in a press release.
Previous research has linked poor sleep to a higher risk of depression, breast cancer and prostate cancer. Now we can add metabolic diseases such as diabetes to the list: “Sleep disturbances affect more than 25 per cent of the general population and up to 50 per cent of older adults… Improving sleep in adults at risk for heart disease, stroke, and diabetes represents a much needed and novel approach to the prevention and treatment of epidemics of type 2 diabetes and obesity, as well as improve the quality of life of those suffering from sleep disturbances.”
Although this is preliminary research, it does support the idea that you should avoid falling asleep on the couch and spending part—or most—of the night with the lights on and the TV blaring.